Dominican Republic: Malaria and dengue, other threats amid the pandemic

In the midst of the health emergency that the country is experiencing due to the COVID 19 pandemic whose cases have spread throughout the national territory, other diseases under epidemiological surveillance such as dengue, malaria and leptospirosis currently have higher levels of incidence among the population that they had in the same period last year.

During the first three and a half months of this year, dengue cases outnumbered 1,868 more than those registered last year to date, when 2,875 cases were reported this year, while in the same period of the previous year 1,007 cases were reported.

This increase is striking, since in 2019 the country experienced a dengue epidemic, closing the year with 53 deaths confirmed by a medical audit and 20,183 cases of affected patients.

Significant levels of increases in the number of cases reported up to March 14, also evidenced malaria, which so far this year has registered 485 cases to exceed 373 cases more than the same period in 2019. The year 2019 closed with four deaths and 1,302 cases of malaria.


Neither of the two diseases transmitted to people by the mosquito as a vector, have recorded deaths so far. The mosquito that transmits dengue is Aedes aegypti that grows in clean waters, and that of malaria is Anopheles that reproduces in stagnant and swampy waters.


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