Following the data collected during the Sectoral General Estates of the Nation (EGSN) from representatives and leaders of more than 600 organized groups in the country, during the sectoral meetings, five departmental forums (North, North-West, North East, South-East, Nippes), a national preparatory forum for Arcahaie and a diaspora forum (Europe / Africa), affecting more than 3,000 people, three fundamental obstacles were identified regarding political governance in Haiti.
The first obstacle is the institution by the 1987 Constitution of a two-headed Executive (Article 133): on the one hand, a President elected by universal suffrage (Article 134) who does not rule and the other a Prime Minister, Head of Government chosen by the President in the majority party in Parliament (Article 137, without any clarification in case two parties are majority respectively in the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies), or in default of majority, in consultation with the Presidents of both Houses.
To the Prime Minister, who is not elected, the charge of defining and conducting the policy of the Nation (Article 156). And it is accountable only to the Parliament that takes advantage of this position to influence the formation of the Government and the recruitment of public officials in all sectors and at all levels; it is not responsible to the President of the Republic to which the people expect the realization of his campaign promises. This constitutional provision is a source of conflict between the two heads of the Executive.