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Cuba: The Most Significant Changes in the New Cuban Constitution

The Cuban legislators approved on Sunday the draft text that will reform the current Constitution of 1976, in the middle of the Cold War. It seeks to support economic reforms and a new institutional framework more in line with the current reality of the island.

The text will be discussed for three months by the population in neighborhoods and workplaces and must be ratified in a referendum. Here are some of the key aspects that will be introduced in the new text:

Recognizes private property

The economic reforms undertaken by Raúl Castro (2008-2018) opened the way to self-employment, which today occupies more than half a million people and represents 13 percent of the national economy. A percentage of these actually run small and medium size businesses. They were in a sort of legal limbo since the 1976 Constitution only recognized state property and the agricultural cooperative. Now the reformed text will include a new article recognizing “other forms of property such as the cooperative, mixed property and private property.”

Abandons the term communism

The political, social and economic system of Cuba will continue to declare itself socialist but will eliminate from its text the slogan of working to “advance towards a communist society.” Despite this modification of the Constitution, the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) will continue to be recognized as the only legal political organization in the country.

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