THE Foreign Affairs Ministry in collaboration with the Education Ministry launched two Public Service Announcements in their quest to increase awareness on the Guyana-Venezuela Border Controversy.
The PSAs, in the form of videos provide, in a concise manner, critical information on the history of the Guyana-Venezuela border issue from 1830 to present day.
The launching took place at the Foreign Affairs Ministry in the presence of Vice President and Minister of Foreign Affairs Carl Greenidge and staff of his ministry. One of the PSAs reminds Guyanese that Guyana is 83,000 square miles of luscious land complemented by many waters.
The country’s boundary with Venezuela was established by international law since 1899.
In maintaining that Guyana’s boundaries are clear and absolute, the two ministries, in the PSA, tell Guyanese that there are four important facts that they should know. “Territorial disputes cannot be separated from international law because the law is the bedrock of all modern nations. As Guyana and Venezuela are both members of the United Nations, all UN members are automatically parties to the rules and regulations of the Charter of the United Nations and the Statute of the International Court of Justice, the principle judicial organ of the United Nations” the PSA states.
Since the start of the controversy there have been several legally binding agreements. These include: The Treaty of Washington of 1897; the Arbitral Ruling and Award of 1899; the 1905 border demarcation agreement between the United Kingdom and Venezuela and the Geneva Agreement of 1966. “Under the 1966 Geneva Agreement both parties agreed to authorise the Secretary General of the United Nations to choose the means of settlement of the border controversy. Additionally, the Geneva Agreement allowed for Venezuela to prove its contention that the Arbitral Award of 1899 was null and void. To this day Venezuela has never done so. Through the last 52 years, despite several mechanisms including the Good Officers Process under the United Nations Secretary General, there has been no progress for the solution of the controversy,” the PSA explained.